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clip_image001 What is racism? By definition, various dictionaries describe it as such;

“1.The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others and  2.Discrimination or prejudice based on race.”

That would seem to make it rather clear and concise. By virtue of its unambiguous definition this, is difficult to understand both the nature and reason for its prevalence in the human experience. This particular problem is

not isolated to a certain country or geographic location. Nor is it something that is the behavior trait of any one particular racial or ethnic group. I would suggest that on a global basis no group is immune to this human flaw. With that in mind and for the

purposes of this blog I shall focus on the United States ofpunishment 13 America . Being a descendant of former slaves I have a unique understanding of the problem as it pertains to this

country. Entrepreneurs and promoters of the early 17th century were skillful at inducing Europeans to settle in the new world. One such individual was

William Penn, who went to great lengths to publicize the advantages, awaiting prospective newcomers to the newly formed colonies. In many cases prison authorities and judges offered people convicted of

crimes a chance to migrate to the new world instead of serving time in prison, many did in fact settle in the newly formed colony of Georgia. However there was great cost associated while traveling with oneself and family, to make a start in the

new world. For those on the lower end the socio-economic ladder, more often than not found passage by entering into contracts with a ship’s captain in a system known as indentured servitude. The reward for providing such labor spawned a great

since of greed, the reward was very profitable, so much so that exaggerated claims, promises and in many cases actual kidnapping took place to maximize capacity on every voyage. In other cases, the expenses of transportation and maintenance were paid by

colonizing agencies like the Virginia or Massachusetts Bay Companies. In return, indentured servants agreed to work for the agencies as contract laborers, usually for four to seven years. Free at the end of this term, they would be given “freedom

dues,” sometimes including a small tract of land. It has been estimated that half the settlers living in the colonies south of New England came to America under this system. However it should be noted, every colony had its share of leaders who were former

indentured servants. Now of course along with every pattern there is an exception. In this case the exception being African slaves. The first blacks were brought to Virginia in 1619, just 12 years after the founding of Jamestown. In the beginning many

were also regarded as indentured servants(free men) who could earn their freedom. But in the short span of just over 40 years, the demand for plantation labor in the Southern colonies grew, the institution of slavery began to harden aroundslave 17 them, and Africans were

brought to America in shackles for a lifetime of perpetual, involuntary servitude. My I make it a point once again, this is not an attempt by

virtue of a blog to illustrate American history . One is most capable of complete edification on the subject by doing some simple research. However as a result

of recent events that have taken place in Charleston South Carolina, I would like to put some focus on the by gone Confederate States of America (CSA). My focus is one of the

Confederate battle flags. As a result of the recent murders at the Emanuel AMC Church in Charleston, the suspected killer dylann roofDylann Roof, has associated himself with “white supremacy” and the

confederate battle flag. Taking a look at this ideology it could be described as a form of racism based upon the belief, that white

people are superior to non-whites, therefore whites should politically, economically and socially rule non-whites. The term also typically describes a political ideology that perpetuates the social, political, historical and industrial domination by white

people. By the sociopolitical structures like the Atlantic Slaveklan 1Trade, and Jim Crow laws in the United States. Different forms of white supremacism put forth different conceptions of who is

considered white, and different white supremacists identify various racial and cultural groups as their primary enemy. White supremacists have typically

defined Jews, Catholics, and Native Americans, even if white, as undesirable. That being said,klan 6 we shall view how this ideology has divided America from its inception as a platform

for secessionist during the civil war and how this mind set has continued be a source of contention in

contemporary times. The genesis for white supremacy and its ideological thinking date back to 17th-century scientific racism. The general paradigm of human diversity that helped shape international and intra-

national relations from the latter part of the Age of Enlightenment (in European history) through the late 20th century, which was marked by the end of the social structure better known as Apartheid in South Africa in 1994. Perhaps one of the last explicitly White supremacist sociopolitical structures to exist.

The idea of white supremacy is dominant in the United States. Even after the American Civil War and decades after Reconstruction. In large areas of the United States, this included the holding of non-whites specifically African Americans in chattel slavery. The outbreak of the Civil War saw an attempt to uphold white supremacy was cited

as one of the causes for state secession and the formation of the Confederate States of America. In some parts of the United States, many people who were considered non-white were disenfranchised, barred from government office, and

prevented from holding most government jobs well into the second half of the 20th century. Many U.S. states banned interracial marriage through anti-miscegenation laws until 1967, when these laws were invalidated by the Supreme Court decision

Loving v. Virginia. Additionally, white leaders often viewed Native Americans as obstacles to economic and political progress as it pertained to America’s westward expansion or as it was known during that time, Manifest Destiny, with respect to the natives’

claims to land and rights. Without digging into the layers of American history, I digress to the subject of racism and white supremacy as it pertains to current events. The afore mentioned subject matter has re-emerged as a point of contention in regards

battle flag 1to the display of the confederate battle flag at government buildings across the United States. These symbols, are for the most part flown in states that

were once aligned with the CSA. Because of the mass murder that took place legislators are now re-examining the sociopolitical statement that is broadcast by such displays by government institutions. The symbolism, all be it merely a piece

of cloth, has once again created a great divide. On one side there is the sentiment that honors the men that gave their lives for a cause, a belief and the subsequent struggle that is symbolized with this flag. The horror of war was propagated with respect to

their states, homes and families, and to that extent most men will sacrifice life and battle flag 3limb for such a cause. With that in mind the confederate battle flag is just a small insignificant memento representing a

past time heritage of the polite and gentile southern tradition. On the other side are those whose ancestors suffered an indescribable injustice for hundreds of years as a

result of flawed thinking, and unquenchable greed. Perpetrated by, the elite few that maintained absolute power and authority over the least able. Inexplicably those Americans that maintained control of slave states in their flawed thinking surmised, they

could build a nation with free labor (slave labor) with the pretext that being white, was the only justification necessary for such an endeavor. The thought of secession being treason was apparently not a consideration. Human beings were in fact enslaved , another small

fact that seemed to be over-looked, lastly disregard for the documentation. The US. Constitution, The Declaration of Independence animatedflag1or The Bill of Rights all beings articles designed to provide freedom from tyranny. The

confederate states absolutely had to lose, and that battle flag has no place flying over any government institution. During that horrible time in American history, part of the nation was

evolving into what it should become and part of the nation wanted to maintain the thinking of King George, and there was a war as a result of that division. As much as it may hurt some to move forward, there is equal if not greater pain in remembering

the transgressions of the past. In conclusion, there should be but one flag to represent each one and all. And state flags shall never hold values that that would even hint at the notion that any group is superior to the other. If this country has any hope of

surviving into the next millennium, the recognition that ethnic, racial, and religious equalities must be a mandate. The decision must be made, based on prior experience that is part of past history… either we have learned… or ignorance of that past will doom us to repeat it again and again.


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Posted by on July 10, 2015 in Government, News and Views


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